Máku

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Máku is an extinct northern Amazonian language[1] once spoken by a group of people dwellingin the vicinity of the Auari (or Auaris) river located in the extreme northwest of the state of Roraima, Brazil (Koch-Grünberg 1913:457, 1917:48, 170). The known history of this language is marked by a steady decline in the speaker population as a consequence of external social pressures. In 1925, there were 50 speakers of the language split unequally between two malocas (‘community houses’): one at the head of the Uraricoera river and the other further along the river between the mouth of the Aracasa and the mouth of the Auari rivers (Rice 1928:214, 217). By 1950, after repeated attacks by the Kasɨrapai (a Ninam-speaking Yanomami group), there was only one Máku family, of eight or nine people, left on the lower Uraricoera. By 1969, two speakers of Máku remained: Sinfrônio Magalhães (approximately 50 years old), and his sister, Maria, (approximately 55 years old; Migliazza 1980:115). By the year 2000, both of these speakers had died and the language ceased to be spoken.

Below you will find links to the resources available for this project:

  1. Stories
    1. My Wedding
    2. Plans for the future
    3. Other Plans
    4. Survival Tasks
    5. The Stone
    6. The Manioc
    7. The Water
    8. When I was small
    9. Valeria's Illness
  2. Formulario A (collected by Ernest Migliazza)
    1. 1 to 127
    2. 126 to 244
    3. 245 to 320b
    4. 320c to 344
    5. 334e to 341j
  3. 1986 Elicitations 

[1]Not to be confused with Makú (stressed on the last syllable) - a non-genealogical grouping of the northwest Amazon that has long been assumed to include the languages Hup, Yuhup, Dâw, and Nadëb (the Nadahup family), the sisters Kakua and Nukak (the Kakua-Nukak family), and Puinave (an isolate) —, nor with Mako (or Maco), a language of the Sáliban family (closely related to Piaroa) spoken by a group located along the Ventuari river and its tributaries (state of Amazonas, Venezuela).

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